Oxygen has been shown to increase
darker skin pigment (knows as melanin) production, giving a deeper
richer tan with less chance of burning. (Source: Biochem Biophys
Res Commun 1987 Jan 15;142(1):265-74) For use in tanning salons
Increase your sales without additional time serving clients by
offering an Oxygen Session with their tanning session. Rate is
$1.00 per minute.
OXYGEN AND TANNING
Research indicates a direct link between tanning and adequate
oxygen levels in the skin:
Ultraviolet light, whether produced
by the sun or an indoor tanning unit, consists of two main energy
components, UVA and UVB, both of which contribute differently
to your tan. Indoor tanning equipment normally utilizes a carefully
formulated and controlled mixture of these two light waves, designed
to tan you with a minimized risk of sunburn. Tanning outdoors
does not give you this same control because the sun emits the
entire spectrum of ultraviolet light, including the most intense
rays (UVB) that burn you more quickly.
Your skin's epidermis consists
of two layers: the germinative layer (sometimes called the "living"
epidermis) and the horny layer (the "dead" epidermis).
When exposed to ultraviolet light rays, melanocytes in the germinative
layer produce melanin which is then absorbed by the surrounding
cells. This creates a protective barrier to screen additional
ultraviolet light so that this light cannot reach the deeper
and more sensitive layers of the skin. This tanning process is
the body's natural defense against sunburn and skin damage.
UVA is a longer ray that penetrates
more deeply and slowly than UVB. The melanin in your skin absorbs
the UVA rays, turning the pigment brown. UVB rays are short,
intense waves of energy, stimulating the melanocytes in your
skin to produce the pigment we call melanin.
Everyone has the same number
of melanocytes in their body-about five million. But heredity
dictates how much melanin your body's melanocytes can actually
naturally produce. For example, the skin of African-Americans
contains enough melanin to create a black or brown skin color,
while the skin of Caucasians has less melanin and is therefore
As the melanin migrates to the
surface of the skin to protect the body from burning, it combines
with oxygen and turns the darker color we call a "tan".
Skin with lower oxygen levels will burn rather than tan. So,
it seems obvious, that the more oxygen in the body and available
to the skin to help produce melanin, the darker the tan, the
longer it will last, and the less likely the skin will burn.
Determine what kind of skin you
have. Most people know whether they are light or dark skinned.
This is important since people with fair skin and light colored
eyes have to take extra precautions so they do not to get burned
by the sun. (Did you know that most "fair" people can
burn in less than 15 minutes of normal sun exposure!). The darker
your skin tone, the more exposure to the sun you can handle without
Figure out how close you are
to the equator. The closer you are to the equator, the more likely
you are to get sunburned. This is because you are closer to the
You can burn faster at higher
altitudes. UV radiation increases about 5% for every 1,000 feet
above sea level you go. So, the higher in elevation you are,
the quicker you can get sunburned.
Are you taking prescription medications?
Many prescription medications contain chemicals that cause the
skin to absorb more UV rays. For example, antibiotics, antihistamines,
oral contraceptives, tricyclic antidepressants and most acne
medications will cause your skin to burn rather than tan. If
you are taking these types of medications, always use a sunscreen
with a higher SPF rating. It's the safe and prudent thing to
If you do get a sunburn, always
apply lots of moisturizer lotion, especially lotions enriched
with aloe and antioxidants. Remember that you have burned the
skin. The capillaries have been damaged and blood has leaked
out. You need to help repair these capillaries and provide the
skin with nutrients to help the skin heal itself.
Try our Pre Tan Buff before
tanning, O2 Cool Tan during tanning and Tropical Embrace
Ultimate After Sun Moisturizer after sunning.
Always remember that the goal
is to tan safely. There is a common myth that a sunburn will
fade into a tan. This is not true. A sunburn is actually broken
blood vessels that form on top of a tan. While it is especially
bad to suffer from sunburns before the age of 21 since it increases
your odds of skin cancer, a sunburn at any age can have serious
side effects. These effects include loss of skin moisture, loss
of elasticity, the formation of sunspots on the ski and possibly
1: Biochem Biophys Res Commun
1987 Jan 15;142(1):265-74
Involvement of reactive oxygen
species in the oxidation of tyrosine and dopa to melanin and
in skin tanning.
Joshi PC, Carraro C, Pathak MA.
The role of reactive oxygen (1O2
and O2-.) in skin photosensitization and tanning reaction has
been examined. Riboflavin (RF), hematoporphyrin (HP), 3-carbethoxypsoralen
(3-CP), and 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP), upon photoexcitation under
aerobic conditions, produced singlet O2 (1O2). RF, 3-CP, and
8-MOP also produced superoxide anion (O2-.). Reactive O2 produced
by photosensitized RF, 3-CP, and 8-MOP was found to oxidize tyrosine
and dopa to dopachrome and subsequently their conversion to melanin.
HP did not oxidize tyrosine to dopachrome, and 3-CP and RF revealed
substantial oxidation of tyrosine. Dopa was oxidized to dopachrome
and subsequently to melanin by all photosensitizers tested at
a variable rate as follows: RF greater than 3-CP greater than
HPD greater than 8-MOP. UVA alone and to a lesser extent UVB
also produced 1O2 which induced the oxidation of tyrosine and
dopa to dopachrome and subsequently to melanin. The production
of dopachrome was higher with dopa compared to tyrosine under
all irradiation conditions. These observations appear to have
relevance to the O2-requiring immediate tanning reaction of the
skin stimulated by solar radiation and in the induction of skin
PMID: 3101689 [PubMed - indexed
2: Acta Derm Venereol 1983;63(1):21-5
5-S-cysteinyldopa and pigment
response to UVA light.
Tegner E, Rorsman H, Rosengr
in serum were studied in healthy individuals exposed to daily
high-intensity UVA radiation. A marked increase in 5-S-cysteinyldopa
was found after 3 days, and in some individuals concentrations
were still higher after 7 to 10 days. The immediate pigment darkening
(IPD) and delayed tanning (DT) were weak or absent at pressure
sites, i.e. in skin with a low concentration of oxygen.
PMID: 6191484 [PubMed - indexed
OXYGEN EXPERIENCE® nutritional
products are sold as dietary supplements* under the Food &
Drug Administrations Dietary and Supplement Health Education
Act (D.S.H.E.A.). This information is not intended to treat,
cure, diagnose or prevent any disease or disease condition. Always
consult a medical practitioner before taking any dietary supplement
or supplemental nutritional alternative modality. *This statement
has not been reviewed by the F.D.A